Not all protected areas are created equal.
Nations, in partnership with indigenous peoples and local communities, will need to determine what conservation efforts are best suited to their land- and seascapes, and wildlife.
A global target is not necessarily a figure that all countries are capable of meeting within their national borders. But every country has a role to play in conserving and funding the conservation of nature. As countries determine what specific areas to conserve, they should consider three important variables:
How do we get there?
In order to achieve protection for at least 30 percent of the land and sea, world leaders will need to work collaboratively with other governments, organizations, and indigenous populations to empower community-led conservation practices that complement formal protected areas. Examples of these practices include: Indigenous and Community Conservation Areas, Other Effective Conservation Measures, and IUCN Protected Area Categories I-VI.
Protected area management and finance
For protected area targets to be successful, there must be increased funding for management, scientific surveys, and other crucial conservation activities.
Beyond the contributions of non-profits, philanthropists, and business, governments - particularly those of developed nations - will need to contribute meaningful funding to ensure the effective management of current and new protected areas.
Spending for protected areas must move away from a project-based approach and toward reliable long-term funding.