China 2020: Achieving Global Targets and committing to greater conservation

International Cooperation on Biodiversity

In 1992, the United Nations hosted one of the largest gatherings of heads of state ever in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The event, known as the Earth Summit, marked a turning point for global cooperation on the challenges facing our natural world. As a direct result, more than 170 nations agreed to two treaties that serve as the foundation for environmental diplomacy: the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD).

Since that time, world leaders have committed to protecting 17 percent of land and 10 percent of the ocean by 2020 and governments are on track to meet these global targets. While this progress is encouraging, parties to the CBD agree that much more must be done to safeguard global biodiversity and are working to develop plans for a new global deal for nature to be signed at the next Conference of the Parties of the CBD in 2020.






Key dates on the road to the 2020 CBD Conference of the Parties


Regional Meetings


Asia-Pacific Regional Consultation in Nagoya, Japan

MARCH 19-21, 2019

Western Europe Regional Consultation in Bonn, Germany

APRIL 2-5, 2019

Africa Group Regional Consultation in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

APRIL 16-18, 2019

Central and East Europe Regional Consultation in Belgrade, Serbia

MAY 14-17, 2019

Latin America and the Caribbean Regional Consultation in Montevideo, Uruguay


Leaders’ Summit at the UN General Assembly


CBD Report Releases & Milestones


Discussion paper on post-2020 framework released

FEBRUARY 19 – MARCH 12, 2019

Forum on provisions related to indigenous peoples & local communities

APRIL 15, 2019

Deadline for feedback on the discussion paper from Parties & observers

MAY 15, 2019

Discussion paper 2 on post-2020 framework released

MAY 15 – AUGUST 15, 2019

Peer review on elements of the post-2020 biodiversity framework by Parties & observers

MARCH 2020

Draft of the post-2020 global biodiversity framework made available

MAY 2020

Fifth Global Biodiversity Outlook published


Global Events

NOVEMBER 17-27, 2018

Conference of the Parties of CBD in Sharm el Sheikh, Egypt

MARCH 11-15, 2019

UN Environment Assembly in Nairobi, Kenya

APRIL 24-25, 2019

Nature Champions Summit in Montreal, Canada

APRIL 29 – MAY 4, 2019

Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity
& Ecosystem Services (IPBES) Plenary in Paris, France

MAY 5-6, 2019

G7 Environment Ministers meeting in France

JULY 2-5, 2019

Trondheim Conference on Biodiversity in Trondheim, Norway

SEPTEMBER 17-30, 2019

UN General Assembly

SEPTEMBER 23, 2019

UN Climate Summit in New York, United States

JUNE 11-19, 2020

IUCN World Conservation Congress in Marseille, France


Working Group Meetings


Open-ended working group meeting

NOVEMBER 20-22, 2019

Working group meeting on indigenous peoples & local communities in Montreal, Canada

NOVEMBER 25-29, 2019

Meeting of the Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical & Technological Advice in Montreal, Canada

MAY 18-23, 2020

Meeting of the Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical & Technological Advice in Montreal, Canada

JULY 27-31, 2020

Open-ended working group meeting in Bogota, Colombia


Safeguarding Life on Earth

Explore more about the Convention on Biodiversity


Photograph by Michael Nichols, National Geographic.